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  • Best infection control practices for intradermal, subcutaneous, and intramuscular needle injections

    Posted on January 20th, 2010 TimB No comments

    In transitional and developing countries where unnecessary injections are common, the average number of health care injections per person was estimated to be 3.7 per year (this includes all health care injections, including those given to diabetics for administering insulin) . Many injections, as well as being unnecessary, are also unsafe. Each year, the reuse of injection equipment may cause 20 million infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV), 2 million infections with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and 250 000 infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide These chronic infections lead to a high burden of morbidity and mortality.

    No evidence-based guidelines are available to guide injection providers through the steps they should follow to
    prevent injection-associated infections. Thus, WHO asked a development group and a steering group to develop best
    practices for the use of safe injections (Box 1) using WHO recommended processes to formulate evidence-based guidelines, as outlined below.


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