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  • Health officials issue guidance for providers in diagnosing Anthrax in Injecting Drug Users

    Posted on October 6th, 2013 TimB No comments

    The aim of this guidance is to assist clinicians in Ireland in clinical and microbiological assessment of suspected cases of infection with B. anthracis in IDUs. Due to the nature of the infection in heroin users, clinicians should consider the following as possible presentations of anthrax and discuss the case immediately with their local microbiologist.


  • HIV among people who inject drugs in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia: a systematic review with implications for policy

    Posted on October 31st, 2012 TimB No comments

    HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) is a major public health concern in Eastern and Central Europe and Central Asia. HIV transmission in this group is growing and over 27 000 HIV cases were diagnosed among PWID in 2010 alone. The objective of this systematic review was to examine risk factors associated with HIV prevalence among PWID in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia and to describe the response to HIV in this population and the policy environments in which they live.


  • Developing Gender-Sensitive Approaches to HIV Prevention among Female Injecting Drug Users

    Posted on November 28th, 2011 TimB No comments

    The project’s goal was to implement the effective harm reduction services for female IDUs and improve the quality of female IDUs’ lives, as measured by their own reports. The Alliance adopted an approach that recognized  gender roles and gendered socialization in the drug using culture and in the society without reinforcing stereotypes  about women or about female IDUs.  In-depth training on gender, which is a new concept for many Ukrainians,  helped give providers a substantive understanding of how gender functions in the society and in their own work  allow them to adjust practices of their own and those of their organizations to deal more effectively with women  and avoid perpetuating negative stereotypes.


  • A Report on Stigma and Discrimination towards the Injecting Drug  User Community

    Posted on November 2nd, 2011 TimB No comments

    The recommendations arising from this document lend themselves to both ambitious and modest  projects involving many aspects of the community. They are directed not only at AIVL and people who  inject drugs: the plethora of agencies, both government and non-government, that are responsible  for the health and human rights of people who inject drugs must also be involved. Beyond these  individuals and agencies, however, AIVL aims to define responsibility for action to reduce stigma and  discrimination as something that needs to be shared by the entire community.


  • The filter of choice: filtration method preference among injecting drug users

    Posted on August 25th, 2011 TimB No comments

    Injection drug use syringe filters (IDUSF) are designed to prevent several complications related to the injection of drugs. Due to their small pore size, their use can reduce the solution’s insoluble particle content and thus diminish the prevalence of phlebitis, talcosis…. Their low drug retention discourages from filter reuse and sharing and can thus prevent viral and microbial infections. In France, drug users have access to sterile cotton filters for 15 years and to an IDUSF (the Sterifilt®) for 5 years. This study was set up to explore the factors influencing filter preference amongst injecting drug users.


  • Prevalence and factors related to syringe sharing behaviours among female injecting drug users who are also sex workers in China

    Posted on August 17th, 2011 TimB No comments

    As of December 2007, there were 700,000 estimated HIV cases in China; 41% and 38% of them were attributable to heterosexual transmissions and injecting drug use. Female injecting drug users (IDUs) who are sex workers bridge HIV transmissions from the IDU population with higher HIV prevalence


  • User-to-User: Peer Delivered Syringe Exchange in New York City

    Posted on May 1st, 2011 TimB 1 comment

    This report provides an analysis of Peer-Delivered Syringe Exchange (PDSE), a program model in New York that trains injection drug users (IDUs) to conduct secondary syringe exchange with members of their social networks and other contacts.

    Drawing upon findings from several methods – including focus groups, qualitative interviews, and a quantitative survey of syringe exchange programs – we offer a series of recommendations to support and increase widespread implementation of PDSE and similar secondary syringe exchange models.


    Download report

  • Shooting up: the interface of microbial infections and drug abuse

    Posted on March 18th, 2011 TimB No comments

    In this review  we present an overview of the unique aspects of microbial pathogenesis, immune  modulation and common infections associated with drug use. We have restricted  the definition of drug abuse to the use of illegal drugs (such as opiates,  marijuana, cocaine, heroin and amphetamines), not including alcohol and  nicotine.


  • Prevention of Hepatitis C Virus in Injecting Drug Users: A Narrow Window of Opportunity

    Posted on March 15th, 2011 TimB No comments

    Human immunode?ciency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections remain major public health problems among injecting drug users (IDUs). In 2007, it was estimated that there were 15.9 million IDUs worldwide, with 3 million living with HIV . While similar data are not available for HCV, given an HCV prevalence of 65% , it is estimated that 10 million active IDUs have been exposed to HCV and 8 million have chronic infection. The global burden of HCV is even greater in former IDUs


  • Women who inject drugs: A review of their risks, experiences and needs

    Posted on January 12th, 2011 TimB No comments

    Women who inject drugs have substantially different needs and face higher risks of disease and violence than do men who inject drugs.  Given this difference, it is surprising that much of the literature on injection drug users (IDU) does not distinguish between men and women when discussing prevalence, needs, risks and outcomes of injection.

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