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  • Opioid overdose: preventing and reducing opioid overdose mortality

    Posted on June 21st, 2013 TimB No comments

    Although data are limited, an estimated 70,000-100,000 people die from opioid overdose each year. Opioid overdose was the main cause of the estimated 99,000- 253,000 deaths worldwide related to illicit drug use in 2010.1 Opioid overdose is
    both preventable and, if witnessed, treatable (reversible). In its resolution 55/7 on promoting measures to prevent drug overdose, in particular opioid overdose, the

    Commission on Narcotic Drugs called upon Member States to include effective measures to prevent and treat drug overdose in national drug policies.2 In that resolution, the Commission requested the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), to collect and circulate available best practices on the prevention and treatment of and emergency response to drug overdose, in particular opioid overdose, including on the use
    and availability of opioid receptor antagonists such as naloxone and other measures based on scientific evidence.

    This discussion paper outlines the facts about opioid overdose, the actions that can be taken to prevent and treat (reverse) opioid overdose and areas requiring further investigation.


  • UNODC warns that high opium prices may reverse the gains of recent years

    Posted on January 20th, 2011 TimB No comments

    Soaring opium prices may induce more farmers to grow opium, warned the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its full 2010 Afghanistan Opium Survey released today.  The high prices are based on speculation arising from an opium blight that halved production in 2010 and from ongoing military operations, which are creating uncertainty among opium farmers regarding future cultivation.

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  • New report on synthetic drugs trend in Asia

    Posted on November 27th, 2009 TimB No comments

    26 November 2009 -  East and South-East Asia face an increasing challenge in synthetic drugs, particularly amphetamine-type stimulants, due to their availability and adaptability to rapidly shifting markets.

    While countries in the region have increased their efforts to tackle the problem, a new UNODC report highlights the continued need for joint efforts, both at the national and regional levels.

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  • UNODC reveals devastating impact of Afghan opium

    Posted on November 18th, 2009 TimB No comments

    Vienna, 21 October 2009 (UNODC) – Afghanistan has the world monopoly of opium cultivation (92%), the raw material for the world’s deadliest drug – heroin. The size and impact of the opium economy in Afghanistan were documented in the Opium Survey of September 2009. Less well known is the size of the opiate trade once it leaves Afghanistan, and its impact on the world.

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  • Keeping tabs on synthetic drugs

    Posted on November 6th, 2009 TimB No comments

    Globally, there are significantly more users of synthetic drugs than there are users of heroin and cocaine combined. Unlike the markets for heroin and cocaine, the market for synthetic drugs is constantly evolving, with new products appearing each year. The global Synthetics Monitoring: Analyses, Reporting and Trends (SMART) programme of UNODC was designed to improve the capacity of selected States to generate, manage, analyse, report and use information on illicit synthetic drugs.

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  • New report on devastating impact of Afghan opium

    Posted on October 20th, 2009 TimB No comments

    On Wednesday, 21 October, UNODC will unveil a new publication entitled Addiction, Crime and Insurgency: The Transnational Threat of Afghan Opium.

    The publication shows the devastating consequences that the opium and heroin that are trafficked from Afghanistan every year have on the health and security of countries along the Balkan and Eurasian drug routes, all the way to countries in Europe, as well as China, India and the Russian Federation.

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  • UNODC staff making a difference in Afghanistan

    Posted on July 28th, 2009 TimB No comments

    Afghanistan produces about 90 per cent of the world’s opium, making it the largest poppy growing nation. This booming poppy cultivation along with conflict, displacement, economic hardship and overflowing opium production is leaving a society ravaged by drug addiction.

    This already complex situation is further compounded by the flood of returning Afghan refugees from the Islamic Republic of Iran, many of whom became heroin addicts during their time as refugees.

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  • Launch of World Drug Report 2009 to be webcast live on 24 June

    Posted on June 22nd, 2009 TimB No comments

    24th June  UNODC will launch the 2009 edition of its flagship publication, the World Drug Report.

    The event will take place in Washington, D.C., at a press conference during which UNODC Executive Director Antonio Maria Costa and newly appointed Director of the United States Office of National Drug Control Policy, Gil Kerlikowske, will release the Report. The press conference will take place at 10 a.m. eastern daylight time on 24 June and will be webcast live at www.unodc.org.

    The Report will be launched in the run-up to World Drug Day on 26 June.

  • How does UNODC estimate opium cultivation and production figures?

    Posted on June 22nd, 2009 TimB No comments

    Illicit crop cultivation is often linked to insecurity, insurgency and lack of alternative livelihood options. It is important for Governments and the international community to know where opium poppy is cultivated and how much opium and heroin can be produced in order to understand and tackle the issue.

    UNODC supports the Governments of Afghanistan, Myanmar and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic in their efforts to estimate the area under opium poppy cultivation in their respective countries each year. In Afghanistan and Myanmar, this is done mainly by using high-resolution satellite images. Opium poppy plants, like other crops, reflect sunlight in a specific way.

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  • Ten years of drug control in Tajikistan

    Posted on June 4th, 2009 TimB No comments

    With its 1,344 km-long border with Afghanistan, Tajikistan is confronted with a serious trafficking problem – the worst in Central Asia. Nearly 20 per cent of the opiates leaving Afghanistan transit through Central Asia, and much of that flows through Tajikistan.

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